Geothermal systems circulate fluid through the earth and through a coil that absorbs or dissipates heat depending on the season.
Simply put, a geothermal system doesn’t heat or cool your home by burning fossil fuels or using electricity in the ways you’re used to. Instead, it uses electricity to access the near-constant temperatures found deep in the earth. Geothermal works on a very simple principle: no matter what the air temperature is outside, under the surface of the earth, the temperature remains constant. Which means that during the summer, the earth is cooler than the outside air, and during the winter, the earth is warmer than the outside air.
How It Works
A geothermal system works like a heat pump, only on a much larger scale. In cold weather, your home is warmed by heat brought in from the earth. During warm weather, your home is cooled by the movement of heat from your home back into the earth. There are four types of geothermal configurations available: Open Loop, Pond Loop, Horizontal Loop and Vertical Loop. Your Trane dealer will help determine which installation works best for your needs.
- Open Loop – Uses existing groundwater as a heat transfer medium.
- Pond Loop – Uses the water in a nearby lake or pond to absorb or gather heat.
- Horizontal Loop – When plenty of space is available, the heat transfer tubes are not as deep, and extend out rather than down.
- Vertical Loop – When space is limited, the heat transfer tubes are sunk straight down into the earth.
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